Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the capital of the province of Ontario. Toronto is a leading International Centre of business, finance, arts, and culture. People have lived in Toronto since shortly after the last ice age. The urban community dates to 1793 when British colonial officials founded the Town of York on what was then the Upper Canadian frontier. That village grew to become the City of Toronto in 1834, and through its subsequent evolution and expansion, Toronto has emerged as one of the most livable and multicultural urban places in the world
Toronto is a prominent center for music, theatre, motion picture production, and television production, and is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets. Its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries, festivals and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, and sports activities, are key attractions to the over 25 million tourists that visit the city every year.
Toronto is well known for its sky scrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. Located in Southern Ontario on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario, Toronto is situated on a broad sloping plateau intersected by a vast network of rivers, deep ravines, and urban forest .It anchors the Golden Horseshoe, a densely populated region surrounding the western end of Lake Ontario that is home to 8,686,923 people, or around 26% of the entire population of Canada .The cosmopolitan and multicultural demographics of Toronto reflect its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. It is one of the world's most diverse cities, with about 50% of residents having been born outside of Canada, and over 200 distinct ethnic origins represented among its population. While English is the primary language spoken by the majority of Torontonians, there are over 160 different languages spoken in the city.